The five-year reviews will also assess adaptation, climate finance rules, and technology development and transfer.  The Second Biennial Update Report lists the latest data on India`s emissions, as well as the threats that climate change poses to the country. Business Standard reviewed a draft report prepared by the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change. The project will be the subject of a cycle of interdepartmental consultations before being finalized. Chandra Bhushan, India`s independent climate expert, criticised the UEF report for oversimplified the issue of climate change. Read more: Our addiction to growth hurts the climate While the United States and Turkey are not part of the agreement, as countries have not declared their intention to withdraw from the 1992 UNFCCC, they will continue, as an “Annex 1” country, to prepare national communications and an annual greenhouse gas inventory under the UNFCCC.  According to the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), temperatures would likely have risen by 3.2°C by the end of the twenty-first century based solely on the current climate commitments of the Paris Agreement. To limit the increase in global temperature to 1.5°C, annual emissions must be below 25 gigatonnes (Gt) by 2030. With the current november 2019 commitments, emissions will be 56 Gt of CO2e by 2030, twice as much as the environmental target.
To limit the increase in global temperature to 1.5°C, it is necessary to reduce global annual emissions by 7.6% per year between 2020 and 2030. . .