The Convention for the Protection of the Northeast Atlantic Marine Environment (the “OSPAR Convention”) was developed from the 1972 Oslo Convention on the Landfill of Waste at Sea and the 1974 Convention on Land Sources of Marine Pollution. It was signed on 22 September 1992 by all the contracting parties to the initial Oslo or Paris agreements, as well as by Luxembourg and Switzerland. After its ratification, it came into force on 25 March 1998 at the Ministerial Meeting of Parents` Conventions. Ministerial statements and statements made during the adoption of the convention and at the osPAR ministerial meetings guide the work of the convention. Nevertheless, the decisions, recommendations and other agreements adopted in the Mother Convention remain valid until they are put to an end by newly adopted measures under the new Convention. Typically, an annual meeting is organized by one of the parties. Additional meetings on urgent issues can be jointly organized by at least three parties. The heads of the parties` delegations then meet regularly to prepare for meetings, advise on administrative decisions and monitor the progress and implementation of the agreements reached by the Commission. Work on the implementation of the OSPAR Convention and its strategies is encouraged by the adoption of legally binding decisions for the contracting parties, recommendations and other agreements.
Decisions and recommendations define what the parties should do. These measures are complemented by other agreements that specify that a new QSR was published in 2010. This report can be downloaded from the QSR 2010 website. For each of the strategies, a committee is set up to assist the Commission. Some committees are in turn assisted by working groups. to combat eutrophisization in the OSPAR maritime zone, with the ultimate goal of achieving and preserving a healthy marine environment in which there has been no anthropogenic eutrophiation. To achieve this, the contracting parties, individually and jointly, develop programs and actions and harmonize their policies and strategies. QSR 2000 is the evaluation of the quality of the Northeast Atlantic environment by OSPAR commissions. He was released in 2000 to meet his obligations under Schedule IV of the OSPAR agreement. It is based on 5 regional reports (regional QSRs) based on the 5 areas shown on the map. A comprehensive list of OSPAR decisions, recommendations and agreements is available here The OSPAR Commission is the forum through which the parties cooperate and is made up of representatives of the governments of the 15 contracting parties and the European Commission representing the European Community. Each of the contracting parties has one vote in the Commission.
Important decisions are taken unanimously or by a three-quarter majority depending on the subject. This is defined as the westward extension to the east coast of Greenland, east to the continental coast of the North Sea, south to the Strait of Gibraltar and north to the North Pole.