This year, the United States has waged trade wars on several fronts, including the imposition of tariffs on steel and aluminum imports from Mexico and Canada as part of President Trump`s “America First” policy. Tariffs on cars are also under threat. National authorities and national commodity marketing bodies, which are legally mandated by the federal state and the federal states, control the supply management systems for these raw materials. At the national level, the amount of each commodity that producers can market is controlled by a quota system. Imports of each product are limited by tariff quotas. These allow for the entry of a given amount annually as part of Canada`s trade commitments to low or no inflows, but apply a very high fee (in many cases, more than 200%) imports above the level or at the level of the quota set. These two instruments cooperate to control the supply of each commodity, but the aim is to ensure that producers receive a price that guarantees them a return that covers their production costs. The aim is to reconcile supply and demand at this price and adjust them frequently to ensure balance. Producers of these products must participate in their respective supply management systems, as agricultural production is subject to individual quotas that can only be sold through authorized marketing channels. From 1935 to 1980, the two nations concluded a series of bilateral trade agreements that sharply reduced tariffs in both countries.  The most important of these agreements was the 1960s automotive trade agreement (also known as the auto pact).
  In a number of other issues, the Liberals` attempts to reconcile competing political priorities appear to be the support of the in sendatore party. For example, Mr. Trudeau worked with Canadian provinces and territories to develop a national climate change plan that imposes a price on CARBONE emissions while supporting the construction of new pipelines to connect Canada`s oil sands to overseas markets (see “Climate Change” and “Energy”). The Liberal approach has drawn criticism from Canadian energy producers and other businesses, as well as environmentalists and indigenous groups.8 In the coming months, the Liberals should take steps to legalize cannabis use and amend Canada`s legal framework for combating terrorism to clarify and expand public authorities. , increase transparency and oversight and improve the protection of civil liberties. While the Liberals have consulted extensively on the proposed changes, the related compromises may disappoint some Canadians who supported the party in the last election.