recommends that states interested in projects of common interest consider the conditions under which they can be defined and, if they wish, create the necessary conditions for their effective implementation. For a brief moment, the détente seemed to have been revived, but the CSCE soon became the occasion for lively debates between the United States and the Soviet Union, particularly on the issue of human rights in Russia. Following the signing of the Helsinki Final Act, dissidents and reformers from the Soviet Union created the so-called Helsinki Group, a monitoring organization that oversaw the Russian government`s respect for human rights protection. The Soviets dismantled the Helsinki group and arrested many of its leaders. Human rights groups in the United States and elsewhere have protested aloud against Soviet actions. The U.S. government has criticized the Russians for not respecting the spirit of the Helsinki agreement. The Soviets were irritated by what they described as interference in their internal affairs. By mid-1978, the CSCE was no longer operating in an important sense. It was revived by Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev in the 1980s and served as the basis for his policy of closer and friendlier relations with the United States.
The Helsinki Final Act (Helsinki Accords, Helsinki Declaration, Helsinki) was the final act of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe held in Helsinki (Finland) from 30 July to 1 August 1975. In addition to the United States and Canada, 35 European countries participated. The aim was to ease tensions between East and West. The document was seen as both an important step in reducing tensions during the Cold War and as an important diplomatic boost for the former Soviet Union, as it contains clauses on the inviolability of national borders and respect for territorial integrity that consolidated the territorial conquests of the USSR in Eastern Europe after World War II. Rules Promote the search for new fields and forms of cultural cooperation that, to this end, contribute to the conclusion and promotion of appropriate agreements and agreements by interested parties, if necessary: in 2020, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) will face the unprecedented challenge of a global pandemic, while many participating States struggle – or fail – to meet or fail in their human rights obligations. democracy and the rule of law. In this context, the Helsinki Commission held its traditional hearing under the OSCE`s annual rotating presidency to discuss priorities and exchange opinions on current issues. Emanuel Cleaver, Commissioner of Helsinki, II (MO-05), chaired the hearing. Senator Ben Cardin (MD) first took the floor to realize that this has been an extremely difficult year, given that the OSCE, under the leadership of Albania, is working to resolve the appointment of senior leaders to OSCE posts, to respond to brutal human rights violations in Belarus, to address the gross violations of the Helsinki Principles by the Russian Federation against Ukraine and other neighbours, and to combat the threat of right-wing extremists and hate groups.